Born in 1974, Tehran, Iran, Shadi Ghadirian’s exposure to art happened early. She only needed shifting her glance across and thousands of years of history of the country she was brought up in was ever so ready to inform and educate her. From the ancient depiction of relief to the intricacy of Mina-Kari and Khatam-Kari; from the miniature paintings of Kamāl ud-Dīn Behzād to the work of Mohammad Ghaffari better known as Kamal-ol-Molk in later years, Iran always threaded rich motifs in art history. Closer home Shadi saw her elder sisters study different expressions of art. However, it was not until she joined University of Art for studying BA in Photography that she delved into the world of visual storytelling. In her own words, ‘I was 19 years old when I went to University of Art in Tehran and started studying photography. I grew up in a family where everyone was familiar with art. My father owns an antic shop and my mother is a housewife. Two of my older sisters studied art. One of them studied cinema and the other one handicraft. I was 4 years old when the revolution happened. I don’t remember much of it but I felt it even at that early age. War happened when I was a teenager. It was a terrible experience for me. I remember the loud noise of violent explosions that worried me all the time. As I went to the University of Art I was fortunate to meet very important personalities like Bahman Jalali and Kave Golestan who inspired me a lot. They had done many things with their photos and I realised I can learn the art of storytelling from them.’
Shadi was preparing for her thesis when she started working in the Museum of Photography, Tehran. It is during that time the depth of history in photography in her country revealed itself with all its strength in her eyes and mind. ‘The Qajar dynasty reined 170 years ago in Iran. It was a time when all the modernism came to Iran including Photography. King Nasser-e-Din Shah was one of the first Iranian Photographers and he bought a camera from Paris and brought it to Iran and started taking photographs of his wives. During my study in university I used to work in the museum of Photography in Tehran and I saw those old photos. I was completely surprised and I wanted to do something with history of photography in Iran. So I decided to combine the two; present and past; modernism and tradition.’
‘The present’ also provided Shadi an intellectual stimulus of conceiving projects within the limitations of modern time. According to her, ‘It is not that hard to work here. If you know the red lines you can move within them. I and the other artists always do the same. We know how we should act. You won’t find any photos of mine which cannot be exhibited in Iran. So living in this kind of society gives us opportunity in learning how we can continue to live and work within its periphery.’
For her visual narratives Shadi uses both the vibrancy of colour and the depth of monochrome. She says, ‘Depending on the subject, I choose my style. Sometimes I see everything full of colour and sometimes without it. Maybe sometimes you can see colour behind murky glasses too. I just choose.’
That she loves and also has developed her skills in depicting stories is evident from her series ‘Miss Butterfly’. Speaking of the genesis of the project Shadi shared the original story. ‘Miss Butterfly is an old story in Iran and I always tell my little girl this story. One day I realised, although it is an old story but it is relevant still today. Here is a summary of the story:
Miss Butterfly willing to meet sun looks for a way out and tries reaching for the light but unfortunately, becomes captive in a spider’s web. The spider moved by compassion after observing all the grace and delicacy in Miss Butterfly, comes to an agreement with her. She is supposed to bring one of the insects from the dark cellar and tie it up in spider’s web for him. Instead the spider is going to lead her out and to the light. But after hearing the insects’ stories Miss Butterfly feels pity for them and eventually returns to the spider empty handed with injured wings and makes herself captive in the web to be the spider’s food. Knowing the truth, the spider sets Miss Butterfly free and shows her the way out to meet the sun. Miss Butterfly calls for all the other insects in the cellar to share her freedom with them but she gets no response. She, who is so frustrated by their reaction spreads her weary wings and flies toward the sun.
The sombre note of ‘Nil,Nil’ touches a deeper chord in everyone’s heart. As Shadi personally experienced the trauma caused by war, in her subtle ways she exposed the scars that refuse to heal even today. ‘When I started to do the Nil,Nil series I went to visit people who spent many years in battlefield and it was so saddening for me. It is also very strange. We can say a word, ‘WAR’ and move on but the meaning of war for those who are actually there, is so different from the rest of us. It had a touching effect on me. War destroys everything and I wish all the artists do something about it and show the real face of it.’
The artist is proud in having the opportunity of showcasing the life and time that she finds herself in of her own country. ‘I want to tell my stories of Iranian people who live inside Iran and I am lucky that I could exhibit my works across the globe.’
Ideas permeate into Shadi’s mind spontaneously. Even while doing her household chores creative impulses may force her to take a note of her surrounding and weave stories from the everyday elements of life. Her works have been presented to the audience through various galleries in Germany, France, Belgium, Turkey, India, US, Canada, Palestine besides her own country.
She emphatically says, ‘I get to travel all over the world showcasing my photographs. Each place has its special meaning for me that I wouldn’t able to express even in several sentences. I find myself extremely lucky!’
Shadi Ghadirian prefers…
Shadi Ghadirian is married to fellow photographer and writer Peyman Hooshmandzadeh and continues stay in Tehran. Shadi loves the glistening of yellow. On a lighter note she also adds that she loves eating French fries.
Find more of her work at http://shadighadirian.com/